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Nano Electronics

Princeton University_051118
(Princeton University)
 
 
Nanoelectronics - Nanotechnology in Electronics 


Nanoelectronics covers a diverse set of devices and materials, with the common characteristic that they are so small that physical effects alter the materials'properties on a nanoscale - inter-atomic interactions and quantum mechanical properties play a significant role in the workings of these devices. 
 
At the nanoscale, new phenomena take precedence over those that hold sway in the macro-world. Quantum effects such as tunneling and atomistic disorder dominate the characteristics of these nanoscale devices.
 

Nanoelectronic Devices

 

- Optoelectronics

Optoelectronics is the communication between optics and electronics which includes the study, design and manufacture of a hardware device that converts electrical energy into light and light into energy through semiconductors. This device is made from solid crystalline materials which are lighter than metals and heavier than insulators. Optoelectronics device is basically an electronic device involving light. This device can be found in many optoelectronics applications like military services, telecommunications, automatic access control systems and medical equipments.

Electronic devices that source, detect and control light - i.e. optoelectronic devices - come in many shapes and forms. Highly energy-efficient (less heat generation and power consumption) optical communications are increasingly important because they have the potential to solve one of the biggest problems of our information age: energy consumption. In the field of nanotechnology, materials like nanofibers and carbon nanotubes have been used and especially graphene has shown exciting potential for optoelectronic devices.
 

- Displays


Display technologies can be grouped into three broad technology areas; Organic LEDs, electronic paper and other devices intended to show still images, and Field Emission Displays. For more, read our special section on Nanotechnology in Displays.

Research Topics and Applications

 

 
 

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