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Organizational Behavior

Yale University_053122A
[Yale University]


- Overview

Organizational Behavior is: “The study of human behavior in organizational settings, the interface between human behavior and organizations, and organizations themselves. Organizational behavior is an important part of human resources, although it is embedded throughout the company.

The study of organizational behavior can be divided into at least three ways: 

  • Individuals in organizations (micro level)
  • Working group (meso level)
  • How organizations behave (macro level)

Chester Barnard (an American business executive) recognized that individuals behave differently when they are in organizational roles than when they are separated from the organization. 


- The Focus of Organizational Behavior

Organizational behavior researchers primarily study the behavior of individuals in their organizational roles. One of the main goals of organizational behavior research is to revitalize organizational theory and develop better concepts of organizational life. 

The study of organizational behavior encompasses areas of study dedicated to improving job performance, increasing job satisfaction, promoting innovation, and encouraging leadership. Each has its own recommended actions, such as restructuring the team, revising the compensation structure, or changing performance evaluation methods.

The focus of organizational behavior tends to be on employee productivity. For example, organizational behavior research shows that employees who feel valued and appreciated tend to be more motivated and productive, thereby increasing an organization's bottom line. However, organizational behavior can also focus on how organizations can better manage, change and improve behavior to achieve desired outcomes (i.e. productivity, employee well-being or workplace satisfaction).



[More to come ...]



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