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Political Science and International Affairs Research

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(Harvard University - Joyce Yang)

 

 

Emerging Technologies And Their Impact On 

International Relations And Global Security/Foreign Policy

 

 

- Main Objectives

1945 was a year of fundamental change for all of humanity. Some see it as the year that World War II ended. Others see it as a sign of the beginning of the atomic age. Numerous wartime, political, and economic events are linked by many and see this as the beginning of American primacy and dominance across the globe. 

EITA international affairs research covers a range of cross-cutting issues, including global economy and trade, space and maritime security, diplomacy, emerging technologies, global health and education, nation-building, and regional security and stability. EITA also analyzes the policies and effectiveness of international organizations such as the United Nations, NATO, the European Union and ASEAN.

 

- Emerging Technologies and Their Impact on International Relations and Security and Foreign Policy

Looking at international relations and security (IR & S) through the eyes of innovative researchers and Foreign Policy (FP) problem is a dialectical challenge. On the one hand, it is always limited IR & S (International Relations and Security) and the fact that the theory of natural lack of understanding; on the other hand, it may reveal technical and IR & S / FP (international relations and security / foreign policy) intersection some hidden trends. In the case of emerging technologies, since most in a relatively early stage of development of them, this problem is more serious. Considering these two issues, the following text should be seen as a trend and problem identification, rather than clear and rigorous analysis already formed events and processes. 

IR & S always been strongly influenced by emerging technologies and disruptive innovation - both directly (weapons, technical support alliance FP targets, etc.) and indirectly (economic and defense potential of soft power, etc.). Whether it is the new means of communication and transportation, nuclear arsenal or anti-HIV drugs -- technology, such as the physics of gravity, you are building or remodeling space IR & S / FP and affect the pace of the process. 

Current technology developments for IR & S is a challenge. Without regard to traditional weapons hypersonic missiles and other high-tech advances, we have witnessed the rise and multiplication of emerging technologies, these technologies may have a transformative impact on the economy, politics, culture and IR & S. The most famous of several integrated high-tech areas include: mobile 5G/6G, semiconductor, artificial intelligence (AI) and a set of related digital technologies such as the Internet of Things (IoT) and large data blockchain, quantum computing, advanced robotics, autonomous vehicles and other autonomous systems, additive manufacturing (3D printing), social networks, a new generation of biotechnology and genetic engineering, and so on.

 

- Power and Neo-colonialism in the Emerging Technology Era

An open question is power and neocolonialism in the age of emerging technologies. Despite rising research, development and innovation capabilities and high-tech industries in emerging and other developing countries, most technological advances are still occurring in very few developed countries. Whether it's the development of artificial intelligence, biotechnology, robotics, or 3D printing, with the exception of China (in some areas), other countries mostly play the role of technology recipients, or at best, niche leaders. 

Extrapolating current technology, innovation and economic trends, we can predict the Matthew effect in emerging technology sectors and the growing reliance of most countries on technology exports and services from a small group of leading economies. Because of the strong linkages and interdependence between providers and consumers of the most important technologies, it can translate into IR&S (International Relations and Security) impacts or “red lines”. Even if this influence is distributed among a group of IR&S players including multinational corporations, we may face more complex and subtle lines of dominance/subordination and power in IR&S in the new technological revolution field. No matter how easy this yoke, however lightly burdened, it adds some new accent to old problems of power and dependence, especially in North-South relations [- between the rich industrialized nations of the non-communist world ("North ”) and the so-called developing countries (“South”)].

 

 

 [More to come ...]



 

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