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Aerospace and Ocean Engineering, Earth and Atmospheric Sciences (AOEAS)

Jupiter_NASA_032319A
(Juipter, NASA)
 
 

A New Age of Space Exploration is Beginning: 

Space Data Fuels a New Space Age.

 

 - Space Science and Technology

Commander Neil Armstrong and lunar module pilot Buzz Aldrin formed the American crew to land the Apollo Lunar Module Eagle on July 20, 1969, at 20:17 UTC. Six hours and 39 minutes later, at 02:56 UTC on July 21, Armstrong became the first person to set foot on the lunar surface; Aldrin joined him 19 minutes later. 

The moment Armstrong stepped on the lunar surface inspired awe, pride and wonder around the world. The moon landing is an aberration, and achieving it is not an end in itself, but a means to demonstrate the extraordinary capabilities of the United States. 

The next 50 years will look very different. Falling costs, new technologies, the ambitions of China and India, and a new generation of entrepreneurs herald a bold age for space development. It is almost certain that tourism will provide a rich and better communication network for all; in the long run, it may involve mineral extraction and even mass transportation. 

Space will become more and more like an extension of Earth - an arena for corporations and individuals, not just governments. But to fulfill this promise, the world needs a system of laws to govern the heavens—whether in times of peace or in times of war.

 

Space Walk_011422A
[Astronaut Spacewalk]

- Earth Science

Earth science is the study of the structure, properties, processes and biological evolution of the Earth over 4.5 billion years. Understanding these phenomena is critical to sustaining life on Earth. An expanding world population requires more resources; faces increasing losses from natural disasters; and releases more pollutants into the air, water, and land. Sustaining our existence requires a scientific understanding of the natural materials and processes that connect the geosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere and biosphere. On the Earth's surface where these environments intersect, life thrives or fails. 

In general, the term "earth science" usually includes the study of the earth's atmosphere (meteorology or atmospheric science), the water that flows up and down the surface of the continents (hydrology), and the earth's oceans (oceanography or marine science). Today, we live in a time when the Earth and its inhabitants face many challenges. Our climate is changing, and this change is caused by human activity. Geoscientists recognize the problem and will play a key role in efforts to address it. We also face the following challenges: Develop new energy sources with minimal climate impact; find new metals and other mineral resources as known resources are depleted; and, determine how Earth's growing population lives and avoids volcanic activity, earthquakes, mountains Landslides, floods and other serious threats. These are just a few of the problems for which solutions rely on a deep understanding of Earth science.

 

- Possible Research Topics

 
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