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The Rise of Decentralization

[Technion - Israel Institute of Technology]

- The Decentralization of the Internet

Decentralization means the Internet is controlled by many. It's millions of devices linked together in an open network. No one actor can own it, control it, or switch it off for everyone. The Internet and the World Wide Web remain the biggest decentralized communication system humanity has ever seen.

In a decentralized internet, power and control are distributed rather than centralized. In the future, the internet will increasingly be powered by decentralized technologies like blockchain and peer-to-peer networks, rather than controlled by a handful of government entities or large corporations. This will provide greater privacy and security and reduce censorship. 

A decentralized Internet will also enable new types of applications and services that are not possible on the current centralized Internet. 

Web 3.0, also known as Web3, is the next evolution of the internet. It's designed to be decentralized, secure, and user-centric. 

Web3 is built on top of:

  • Blockchain technologies
  • Developments in the Semantic Web
  • Artificial intelligence
  • Machine learning

Web3 aims to:

  • Give users more control over their data and online interactions
  • Deliver a faster and more personalized user experience
  • Reduce the risks posed by monopolists or criminals


- Decentralized Technologies

Decentralization is the movement away from centralized control and towards a distributed network of users who collectively manage and govern digital assets. It's become a buzzword in recent years as people seek more transparency, security, and control over their digital lives. 

Decentralized technologies like blockchain and peer-to-peer networks could power the internet in the future. This would allow for:

  • Greater privacy and security
  • Cut down on censorship
  • Enhanced privacy, as users can control who accesses their data
  • Foster innovation by leveling the playing field for new entrants who do not have to compete with data monopolies of the tech giants

The Decentralized Web (DWeb) is just like the web you know, but without the overreliance on centralized operators. 

Some examples of decentralized technologies include:

  • Blockchain
  • Peer-to-peer networks
  • EXIP, a blockchain-based DNS system
  • Appcoins, which provide a way to create systems where users collectively own their data

Increased Privacy: Web users have greater control over their personal data, which means that only they have the keys to keep their information private and secure. 

Improved Efficiency: Without the need for intermediaries, costs come down and speeds increase, making decentralized networks more efficient.

King Apple_100123A
[King Apple - Jacky Zh]

- Web3

Web3 is decentralized: instead of large swathes of the internet controlled and owned by centralized entities, ownership gets distributed amongst its builders and users. Web3 is permissionless: everyone has equal access to participate in Web3, and no one gets excluded.

Three concepts that play a central role in web3 are: 

  • Blockchain: An information storage method built around distributed computing, encryption, and transparency. 
  • Cryptocurrency: A digital currency used for secure financial transactions that runs on a blockchain network. 
  • Non-Fungible Token (NFT): A digital asset that represents ownership of a unique item or asset. NFTs can be securely bought, sold, and traded online, and each NFT represents a unique item or asset, such as a piece of art, a collectible, or even a tweet. 
  • Decentralized Applications (dApp): Digital applications that run on the blockchain and are not controlled by a single institution. 

Web3 is a young and evolving ecosystem. Gavin Wood coined the term in 2014, but many of these ideas have only recently become a reality. In the last few years, there has been a considerable surge in the interest in cryptocurrency, improvements to layer 2 scaling solutions, massive experiments with new forms of governance, and revolutions in digital identity.


[More to come ...]



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