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Future Cloud Computing and Technology

(An example of a distributed cloud infrastructure. Source: ResearchGate)

- Future of Cloud Computing

Cloud computing is the practice of using a network of remote servers hosted on the Internet to store, manage, and process data, rather than a local server or a personal computer. The future of cloud computing will most likely represent a combination of cloud based software products and on premises compute to create a hybrid IT solution that balances the scalability and flexibility associated with cloud and the security and control of a private data center.

Businesses nowadays are seeking innovative ways to grow and accomplish their business goals. With the help of cloud computing, this business will keep on growing in the future. Cloud computing is powerful and expansive and will continue to grow in the future and provide many benefits. Cloud computing is extremely cost-effective and companies can use it for their growth. The future of cloud computing is bright and will provide benefits to both the host and the customer. 


- The "Hyperplexed" Future

New technologies such as artificial intelligence, blockchain, augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR) powered by 5G networks are driving the need for new IT architectures. Next-generation applications must not only work in mobile and web environments: they must also respond to voice, touch, wearables, and AR and VR. 

Hyperplexed architecture can support a large number of widely distributed applications, different types of devices and innovative user experiences. The next generation of cloud-based platforms will support these new forms of virtualization.


- Types of Cloud Computing

There are 4 main types of cloud computing: private clouds, public clouds, hybrid clouds, and multiclouds. There are also 3 main types of cloud computing services: Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS), Platforms-as-a-Service (PaaS), and Software-as-a-Service (SaaS). 

Choosing a cloud type or cloud service is a unique decision. No 2 clouds are the same (even if they’re the same type), and no 2 cloud services are used to solve the same problem. But by understanding the similarities, you can be more informed about how the caveats of each cloud computing type and cloud service might impact your business.

Every cloud abstracts, pools, and shares scalable computing resources across a network. Every cloud type also enables cloud computing, which is the act of running workloads within that system. And every cloud is created using a unique mix of technologies, which almost always includes an operating system, some kind of management platform, and application programming interfaces (APIs). Virtualization and automation software can also be added to every kind of cloud for additional capabilities or increased efficiencies.

The differences between public clouds, private clouds, hybrid clouds, and multiclouds were once easily defined by location and ownership. But it’s just not that simple anymore. So while we compare the differences below, there are plenty of caveats.


- The Industry Cloud

Almost every large company now utilizes public cloud resources for computing capacity, data storage, and some software (SaaS) needs. With the rapid digitization of business processes we are seeing, the popularity of public clouds (or clouds that provide enterprise "tenants" with access to public clouds) has accelerated.

However, public cloud products have recognized limitations that limit their use simply because they are general-purpose products and not optimized for the specific needs of a single industry. An industry cloud is a collection of cloud services, tools, and applications tailored to the specific needs of a single industry. While most large companies are now leveraging public cloud resources, leveraging industry clouds can unlock significant additional benefits.


- Cloud Computing and Security

Cloud computing security or, more simply, cloud security refers to a broad set of policies, technologies, applications, and controls utilized to protect virtualized IP, data, applications, services, and the associated infrastructure of cloud computing. Cloud security entails securing cloud environments against unauthorized use/access, distributed denial of service (DDOS) attacks, hackers, malware, and other risks. It is a sub-domain of computer security, network security, and, more broadly, information security.  

In recent years, many businesses have adopted cloud-based computing services that enable users to access software applications, data storage, and other services via an internet connection rather than relying on physical infrastructure. Embracing this technology comes with many benefits such as reduced operational costs and increased efficiency.  

Although opting for such systems can be highly beneficial to organizations, they have also become the target of cyberthreats. If these systems are not properly configured or maintained, attackers are more likely to be able to exploit vulnerabilities in the systems’ security and gain access to sensitive information.

Certainly many companies remain concerned about the security of cloud services, although breaches of security are rare. How secure you consider cloud computing to be will largely depend on how secure your existing systems are. In-house systems managed by a team with many other things to worry about are likely to be more leaky than systems monitored by a cloud provider's engineers dedicated to protecting that infrastructure.


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[San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge - Civil Engineering Discoveries]

- Cellular 5G Cloud - A Must for 5G and IoT Success‎

5G will bring a massive change to cloud computing.  5G is expected to revolutionize the network and communications industry by providing ultra-fast transmission rates that can be as much as 100 times faster than the existing 4G. A number of industries will benefit from what 5G has to offer. From the healthcare industry to the automotive industry, from smart homes to smart cities and beyond, 5G’s features change the landscape, allowing for several applications that 4G just couldn’t handle. With the increase in potential industries, both tech- and non-tech related, there will be an increased need for cloud services.

The combination of 5G and cloud technologies will enrich the capacity, functionality, and flexibility of a number of industries, especially for cloud businesses themselves. Here is how 5G’s improvement of cloud technologies will benefit some innovations, including Streaming data and analytics. Industrial IoT (IIoT), Edge computing, Artificial intelligence (AI) and natural language processing (NLP). Virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR). 

As 5G and its applications evolve, there will be significant technology adoption in the above areas. These areas involve huge and complex workloads, making cloud computing a key component. We are a few years away from when 5G will become mainstream network technology, but such a time isn’t as far as it seems. 

Currently, the 3GPP Release 15 standards for this next-generation network classified 5G devices as non-standalone devices. It means these devices can’t perform independently and need significant modifications to network standards and infrastructure. Thus, enterprises, telecommunication firms, and cloud businesses have a few years to design and implement their 5G strategy.


- Cloud Computing And Artificial Intelligence (AI) 

Though artificial intelligence (AI) started much earlier than cloud computing, cloud computing and its technologies have improved AI very much. Cloud computing has been an effective catalyst. We can see dynamic forces that have shaped AI: Data/datasets, processing capability including GPUs, models/algorithms, and talents/skills.

On a larger scale, AI capabilities are working in the business cloud computing environment to make organizations more efficient, strategic, and insight-driven. Cloud computing offers businesses more flexibility, agility, and cost savings by hosting data and applications in the cloud. AI capabilities are now layering with cloud computing and helping companies manage their data, look for patterns and insights in information, deliver customer experiences, and optimize workflows. 

AI-driven initiatives, providing strategic inputs for decision-making, are backed by the cloud’s flexibility, agility, and scale to power such intelligence massively. The cloud dramatically increases the scope and sphere of influence of AI, beginning with the user enterprise itself and then in the larger marketplace. In fact, AI and the cloud will feed off each other, aiding the true potential of AI flower through the cloud. 

The pace of this will depend only on the AI expertise that enterprises can bring to bear in their workplace activities, for the cloud is already here and seeping everywhere. Investments enterprises make in using AI will gain multi-fold returns through the cloud; this makes the AI cloud very alluring.


- Cloud Computing and Blockchain

The increase in the financial needs of the current generation has brought blockchain and cloud computing into the limelight, even though both have been in the technological arena for many years. The desire for transacting without any third-party involvement is the reason for the development and increase in attention toward blockchain, bitcoin, and cloud computing as next-generation financial technologies.

Blockchain technology is a structure that stores transactional records, also known as the block, of the public in several databases, known as the “chain,” in a network connected through peer-to-peer nodes. Typically, this storage is referred to as a ‘digital ledger. Every transaction in this ledger is authorized by the digital signature of the owner, which authenticates the transaction and safeguards it from tampering. Hence, the information the digital ledger contains is highly secure. In simpler words, the digital ledger is like a Google spreadsheet shared among numerous computers in a network, in which, the transactional records are stored based on actual purchases. The fascinating angle is that anybody can see the data, but they can’t corrupt it.



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